As far as we know, passenger elevators are now widely used in our life and are suitable for residential homes, care homes, office blocks, shopping centers, hotels and other buildings with high levels of lift traffic. They are designed to offer top-quality performance under high-intensity use.
Elevators have been invented for around centuries. It is believed that Egyptians probably used them, but the first real evidence can be found in Greek and Roman times. It was through the Greeks that the first principles of lifts were put into place. The Romans then later developed these principles and used primitive lifts in their own building work, utilizing humans, animals or water to power the elevator. Records show that the coliseum had hydraulic lifts fitted to lift slaves, lions, etc into the central arena.
In the 17th century the concept of using a counter weight was put in place, and this was the forerunner to most lifts in operation today. Later in that same century the world's first recorded passenger elevator was put in place in the Palace of Versailles, for King Louis XV.
Elevator technology was further improved in the early 1800's and by 1830 passenger elevators were commonly used throughout Europe, especially in factories. However, safety was an issue as it was too easy for the elevator to fall down its shaft. So in 1852 the world's first safety brakes for passenger elevators was invented.
The first department store to install a passenger elevator was Harrods, and since then, their use has grown phenomenally to the point where it would be odd, and now illegal, for a shopping center or large store to not contain a elevator if passengers are expected to traverse between floors. Passenger elevators used to be able to carry one or two people, and also used to be manned by an assistant who would help people travels between the floors. The progression of technology means that these days a series of buttons on a control panel are now how we guide our way between the floors of buildings.
Elevators have revolutionized the way we live our lives and how we conceive our cities. Our 21st century dream of vertical living, of towers and sky-scrapers, has only become a reality because of the invention of passenger elevators. Elevators are now common place in blocks of flats, in businesses and in places of leisure and they have become a permanent fixture in our lives. Disabled access is a legal requirement, and elevators make this possible.
Without passenger sum elevator there would be no giant shopping malls or massive blocks of flats. Rent in city centers would be far higher as there would be far less space, and large areas of green space around cities would have to be demolished to make space for building. All in all, passenger elevators have made a massive difference to the way we plan our cities and how we live today.